Media propaganda, distrust of journalists, minimizing circles of disinformation… “Information chaos”especially with regard to “dual polarization”.
from direction “media polarization”with the Developing opinion media on a model [la chaîne conservatrice américaine] Fox News and Underestimating Disinformation Circles », leading to divisions within countries; from the last, “Polarization between countries” between, On the one hand, open societies, and on the other hand, authoritarian regimes that control their media and platforms.The most eloquent manifestation of which is Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
Of the 180 countries studied by the NGO, twelve incorporated the Red List of Territories ‘In very serious condition’ For freedom of the press, including Russia (155And) and Belarus (153 .)And). The Russian invasion of Ukraine on February 24 is “symbol of the phenomenon”According to Reporters Without Borders since then Prepared by a propaganda war.
The organization remembers that “At least five journalists and media professionals were killed as a result of gunfire during the first month of the Russian aggression”. Besides the human drama, the Russian forces have “Deliberately targeting sources of information in the occupied territories”emphasizes Reporters Without Borders, which has changed the survey’s methodology, which is now based on a view of press freedom based on five criteria: political context, legal framework, economic context, social and cultural context and security.
Because of the war in Ukraine, Reporters Without Borders also updated its data, in order to take into account in its ranking the months from January to March 2022. In March, in a letter sent to the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, the NGO also highlighted “repeat character” Attacks against radio and television buildings in Kyiv and the rest of Ukraine, in Korosten, Lutsk and Kharkiv.
RT . Editor [ex-Russia Today]Margarita Simonyan revealed the depths of her thought in a broadcast of Russia One Stressing that “a great nation cannot exist without the control of information”, Reporters Without Borders Secretary-General Christophe Deloire confirms. “The establishment of media armament in authoritarian states eliminates the right of their citizens to obtain information, but it is also a natural consequence of the escalation of tensions at the international level, which can lead to the worst wars.”Continue before upgrade ” a new deal to the press, as suggested by the Forum for Information and Democracy, by adopting an appropriate legal framework, including a regime for the protection of democratic information spaces.”
This attack on press freedom is also taking place in Russia where “Power assumes complete control of information through widespread wartime censorship, blocking the media and hunting down rebellious journalists, forcing them into mass exile.”Remember Reporters Without Borders, also referring to Tightening the law on “foreign agents” for the media. While this attack on independent media began several years ago, the danger has increased with the recent adoption of new legislation, including in particular the law punishing imprisonment for up to fifteen years for publishing “fake news” On the work of the Russian army.
The Russian grip extending to neighboring countries, in particular Belarus, ranked 153And ranking position. Since Alexander Lukashenko’s controversial re-election on August 9, 2020, “More than twenty media workers languish in prison” And “Freelance journalists continue to face mass persecution for their work”deplores the NGO, referring to the hijacking of a plane on May 23, 2021, “The arrest of an opposition journalist who chose exile”.
Caucasian media “It is sometimes banned by the Russian regulator”when those were from Central Asia “Under pressure from local authorities for a more ‘impartial’ coverage of the conflict,” It also defines RSF. “In Turkmenistan [177e]one of the most closed countries in the world and still at the bottom of the ranking, the media, controlled by the whole state, ignore the war “says the NGO.
Very large disparities in Europe
Regarding Europe, Reporters Without Borders sheds light on ‘Big disparities’with a territory where “two opposites”. If Norway (1Verse), Denmark (2And) and Sweden (3And) remains in the top ten highest-ranking countries in the world, leaving the Netherlands in this ranking to emerge at number 28And Square. In last place in Europe we also find Greece (108And), who replaced Bulgaria, ranked 91And this year.
Reporters Without Borders, which determines that these developments are particularly related to its new mathematical methods, is also explained by three phenomena: the resurgence of journalist murders in the European Union, the strong hostility towards reporters on the part of protesters against health measures during the Covid-19 epidemic and the tightening of freedom-killing measures against journalists .
Giorgos Karivas, in Greece, and Peter R. de Vries, in the Netherlands, shot by cold mafia-style bullets in the heart of two European citiesconfirms Reporters Without Borders, then conjures A large number of physical assaults in Germany (16And), in France (26And), in Italy (58And) and in the Netherlands. Finally, the NGO mentions the anti-media measures taken in Slovenia (54And), in Poland (66And), in Hungary (85And), in Albania (103And) and in Greece.
Fox News, France
in France (26And), as in all democracies, the NGO A . notes “Renewed social and political tensions, accelerated by social networks and new media.”. In April, the NGO appealed to the State Council “To appeal the refusal of the Audiovisual and Digital Communications Regulatory Authority [Arcom] To work against deficiencies [la chaîne] CNews for its commitments ».
In October 2021, Reporters Without Borders denounced Vincent Polloré’s methods, after broadcasting a shocking short documentary on the businessman’s methods of freedom of information intimidation. Domestically, the media’s ‘fox news’ poses a mortal danger to democracies, as it undermines the foundations of civic harmony and tolerant public debate. Secretary General of Reporters Without Borders.
Finally, in February 2021, the coup d’état in Burma, one of the countries most repressive of the press, “He brutally set journalists back ten years”which places the country at 176And A place in the ranking, next to North Korea (180And), Eritrea (179 .)And), Iran (178 .)And), Turkmenistan (177 .)And) and China (175 .)And).
“Beijing has used its legislative arsenal to constrain and isolate its population from the rest of the world, particularly Hong Kong (148).And), which decreased significantly in the rankings”also notes Reporters Without Borders.