In Europe, women heads of government are still very much a minority

Regardless of Emmanuel Macron’s choice: France will continue, for at least five years, to be led by a man. The country has never before brought a woman to the top of power, unlike many of its European neighbours. The British were the first: they voted for Margaret Thatcher in May 1979, followed by the Portuguese, who elected Maria de Lourdes Pintaselgo in August of the same year.

→ Portrait. Elizabeth Bourne, a “hardworking worker” appointed Prime Minister

Forty years later, men still dominate the EU’s political landscape: of the 27 heads of state or government in power, only four are women. All teams in the Nordic countries.

► In Estonia, Kaja Kallas, the heiress

Kaja Klas was elected to the Riigikogu (“State Assembly”) in 2011. Since 2014, it has been a member of the European Parliament. The daughter of Sim Klaas, a former Prime Minister and European Commissioner, studied law before entering politics. In 2021, she becomes prime minister. No other woman had held this position in Estonia before her, though she came close to achieving it in 2019. “lamThe masculine ego of centrist and conservative leaders prevailed. They preferred to stick to their positions rather than honor their promise not to ally with it (far right party) »she said at the time.

→ Portrait. Kaja Klaas, the next prime minister of Estonia?

The Estonian Reform Party, to which she belongs, defends the neo-liberal line. Its members are often more men than other Estonian parties, which does not prevent it from winning more votes than most of its competitors.

► Sanna Marin Prime Minister of Finland, a leading country

Sanna Marin, the first in her family to study at university, joined the SPD and joined Tampere City Council in 2012. She entered Eduskunta, “the House of Representatives”, in 2015. In early 2019, she became Minister of Transport and Communications, before being He becomes prime minister in the same year.

At the age of 34, she has emerged as the youngest female head of government in the history of Finland and the youngest female head of government in office. The first country in Europe to grant women the right to vote and stand for election, in 1906, Finland already had two women in this position: Anneli Jatinmäki in 2003 and then Mari Kiviniemi in 2010.

► Magdalena Andersson, Swedish Prime Minister and budget austerity figure

Harvard-trained Magdalena Andersson worked as a political advisor to the Prime Minister before working for the Ministry of Finance and becoming director of the Swedish Tax Agency. Finance Minister since 2014, she applies a highly restrictive budget policy, which the left criticizes.

→ Portrait. Sweden: After a wonderful week, Magdalena Andersson has become Prime Minister again

His access to power was marked by difficulties in forming an alliance. In 2021, it agreed, in alliance with the Left Party, to increase its small pensions, which led the Center Party to refuse to support its draft budget. It is the project of the right allied with the far right that is being embraced. Magdalena Anderson then resigned from her position. She will be appointed again Prime Minister a few days later, becoming the first woman to lead Sweden.

► In Denmark, Mette Frederiksen, on the left in the economy, on the right for immigrants

Mette Frederiksen is the youngest female Prime Minister in Danish history, and the second to hold the position after Helle Thorning-Schmidt in 2011. After studying social sciences and African studies, she was elected to the Folketing in 2001, the People’s Assembly, at just 24 years old.

She became Minister of Labor in 2011 and then Ministry of Justice in 2014, before coming to power in 2019. Having campaigned big on the left of her Social Democratic Party, she followed the right-wing shift of the Danish political class on immigration. In 2018, I notably presented a reform project that provides for the return of immigrants “non-western” In camps in Africa under the supervision of the United Nations.

Leave a Comment