Water scarcity at 50°C and birds falling from the sky in India and Pakistan: what awaits us?

Large parts of these two countries have experienced a record heat wave since the end of April, which the United Nations World Meteorological Organization (WMO) deemed “consistent” with climate change.




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Large parts of these two countries have experienced a record heat wave since the end of April, which the United Nations World Meteorological Organization (WMO) deemed “consistent” with climate change. Temperatures soared to 51 degrees Celsius in Jacobabad in Pakistan’s southern Sindh province on May 14. The hottest temperature in the world so far is in 2022.


It’s like a fire burning everywhere
Shafi Muhammad, a farm worker from a village near Jacobabad, was stuck as people struggle to find drinking water.


Nationwide, temperatures range between 6 and 9 degrees Celsius.
above normal (seasonal)”,
The Pakistan Meteorological Service (PMD), confirmed the thermometer that displays on Friday around 40 degrees in the capital Islamabad and other major cities of Karachi (south), Lahore (east) and Peshawar (northwest).

The situation is expected to get worse


This year we went straight from winter to summer
PMD Meteorologist Zaheer Ahmed Babar said.

He said that since 2015 Pakistan has been exposed to rising temperatures, especially in the provinces of Sindh and Punjab (central). “
The intensity, duration and frequency (these heat waves) increase
He explained to AFP.

Scientists have warned that the situation is expected to worsen in the coming years in South Asia due to global warming.


The Indus river flow has been reduced by 65% ​​this year”
Because of the lack of rain and snow
said Adnan Hassan, spokesman for the Punjab Irrigation Department. This river takes its source in Tibet, crosses India and then Pakistan before emptying into the Arabian Sea. Its basin provides 90% of Pakistan’s water supply, according to the United Nations.

The Pakistani press reported that sheep had died of heat stroke and dehydration in the Cholistan desert in Punjab, the most populous province in Pakistan. “There is a real danger of a shortage of food and crops this year in the country, if this water shortage continues Mr. Hassan said.

“like an oven”

The heat wave also hit neighboring India, where temperatures reached 48.1 degrees Celsius last Thursday in the Barmer district of Rajasthan province. “It was so hot today that I felt exhausted and sick when I came home from university by bus. The bus was like a furnace,” said Suman Kumari, a 19-year-old student who lives in the Indian capital. A record heat wave led to a water shortage. Millions of residents are worried and water distributions are improvised, franceinfo reports.

While in Ahmedabad, a city in the west of the country, “at least 50 to 60 birds” are dehydrated and falling from the sky and are treated “daily” at the Jivdaya Trust Veterinary Hospital, testifies to Parisian Jira Shah, co-founder of the hospital .

Pakistan, with a population of 220 million, says it is responsible for only 1% of global greenhouse gas emissions. However, it ranks eighth among the countries most threatened by extreme weather events, according to a study by the non-governmental organization Germanwatch. One of the risks identified from continued global warming is that each region could experience more extreme climate events in a different way, sometimes combined, with multiple consequences, an article notes good buddywhich is currently working on social networks, and is transmitted by knowledgeable scientists.



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NGOs Climate Change International Organization Global Warming Pakistan India South Asia

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