Washington accuses Moscow of using food as a weapon

Are we heading towards a global food crisis? While Ukrainian exports have significantly decreased, India, which could have made up for this shortfall, recently announced a ban on its exports in order to ensure the supply of its population. Without waiting, the prices of foodstuffs such as wheat and corn as well as cooking oils soared, and reached their peak. For its part, the World Bank announced on Wednesday that it will provide 30 billion dollars (28.6 billion euros) to help support food security.

But whose fault is this? It is Russia, as confirmed this Thursday by Anthony Blinken. The US Secretary of State has accused Moscow of using food as a weapon in Ukraine “held hostage” Delivering food to millions of Ukrainians, but also to millions of people around the world who depend on the country’s exports. “The Russian government appears to believe that using food as a weapon will help achieve what the invasion failed to achieve – which is to break the morale of the Ukrainian people.”Anthony Blinken said. “The food supply of millions of Ukrainians and millions of others around the world has been literally taken hostage by the Russian army”he added.

open ukrainian ports

Speaking before the United Nations Security Council, the head of US diplomacy urged Russia to end the blockade of Ukrainian ports. Before the start of the Russian military offensive, 90% of exports of grain and oilseeds passed through Ukraine’s ports on the Black Sea, a route that is now impractical. However, in these ports closed due to the blockade by the Russian Navy, millions of tons of grain are waiting to be transported. “At the moment the granaries in Ukraine are full. Meanwhile, 44 million people around the world are heading towards starvation. We need to open these ports so that food can flow to and from Ukraine. The world is asking for it, because hundreds of millions of people around the world depend on these supplies. “., recently alerted the Executive Director of the United Nations World Food Program, David Beasley, on CNN. A message sent home by UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres again on Wednesday. “Russia must allow safe and secure export of grain stored in Ukrainian ports”urged to add that “alternative modes of transportation” The sea outlet of this grain, and in particular the filling of the silos in Odessa, “They can be explored – although we know that alone won’t solve the problem.”

Cessation of wheat exports: “India’s decision casts a shadow over the financial situation of importing countries”

Added to this is the decline in production due to the war, but also due to the drought that many producing countries are currently experiencing, exports have collapsed by more than half since the beginning of May compared to last year, according to statistics published in May. 12 by the Ministry of Agriculture. They returned to less than 300,000 tons compared to 667,000 tons in the same period in May 2021. Before February 24, the date of the start of the Russian offensive, the country exported up to six million tons of grain per month.

In Russia, fertilizer exports in particular are not available. Although these products were not harmed by Western sanctions, Moscow decided to stop supplying other countries.

Russia blames the West

However, Russia does not want to take responsibility for this situation. “The main cause of world hunger that will happen this year is the reckless economic actions of the United States and the European Union.”Thus, the Kremlin justified the reference to the sanctions that affected Russia and undermine its export capabilities. But Kremlin adviser Maxim Oreshkin emphasized that Vladimir Putin had prepared the country for the consequences of the global food crisis since the end of 2021, that is, before the invasion of Ukraine and international sanctions, contrary to other statements. “Vladimir Vladimirovich (Putin) realized that these (food) issues could affect Russia. Thus, at the end of last year, we began to actively prepare Russia to face world hunger”It is to explain.