These new appointments have been eagerly awaited. The new Cardinals will join the Holy College on August 27, which will then become more international than ever – Asia has become the second most represented continent. Pope Francis will have made his mark on the conclave: he will have chosen two-thirds of the cardinal’s electorate of 132.
► Five European Cardinals
Jean-Marc Evelyn, dialogue craftsman
This is only the second time that Pope Francis has made a French bishop a cardinal. After the Corsican Monsignor Dominique Mamberti in 2015, the Director of the Supreme Court of the Signatura, now Marseille, Monsignor Jean-Marc Aveline, aged 63, will enter the Holy College. There is no shortage of meeting points between the Pope and the Archbishop of Marseille: their pastoral streak, their concern for the poorest and especially immigrants, their love for the Mediterranean… The two men had a long conversation on April 9, 2021. Bishop Aveline had come to Rome to invite the Pope to Marseilles, as part of the “Mediterranean pilgrimage” initiated by Francis in Lampedusa.
→ Portrait. Bishop Avlin, Archbishop of Marseilles, appointed Cardinal by Pope Francis
Since his arrival at the head of the Archdiocese of Marseille in 2019, this citizen of Sidi Bel Abbes in Algeria has established himself as one of the heaviest in the French episcopate. Bishop Evelyn is a craftsman in interfaith dialogue alongside a staunch advocate of Marseilles, the “laborator of coexistence”. Arriving from Algeria at the age of seven, this boy from the northern regions – his father worked on the railways there – knows this city from the inside out, being ordained a priest in 1984. “Marseille is more than a city: it is a message! A message in which distress mingles with hope. ,” he wrote on the occasion of Emmanuel Macron’s visit in September, calling for “awakening consciences” to fight violence, poverty and trafficking, evils committed by his ministry, the Presbyterian and then the Episcopalian. Witness him over the years.
Fernando Verges Alzaga, close confidant of the Pope
Head of the Prefecture of the Vatican State since September 2021, Archbishop Fernando Vergues Alzaga is one of the members of the Pope’s inner circle. Born in Salamanca, Spain, he became, at the age of 77, the first cardinal member of the Legion of Christ.
Oscar Cantone, Field Bishop
Italian theologian and committed clergyman, Monsignor Oscar Cantone, 71, Bishop of Como, is one of the bishops close to the field as Francis likes them. In 2020, he paid tribute to Father Roberto Malcesini, a priest in his parish who was murdered by a homeless man, praising his dedication to serving the poorest.
Giorgio Marengo, Cardinal of the Steppe
Missionary Consulata, Bishop Giorgio Marengo has been the Apostolic Governor of Ulaanbaatar (Mongolia) since 2020, where he has lived for twenty years. This enormous steppe country has about 1,300 baptized people out of a population of 3.5 million. This Italian national, at 47, is the youngest cardinal in the new college formed by Francis.
Arthur Roach, Guardian of the Liturgy
Bishop Arthur Roche, 72, has been at the head of the Congregation for Divine Worship since May 2021. This English Archbishop was one of the leaders of the Kings Tradition custodywhich severely limited, in July 2021, the possibility of the celebration of the Mass in a pre-congregational form.
→ Read. Archbishop Arthur Roche takes over the Presidency of the Congregation for Divine Worship
► Five Asian Cardinals
Virgilio do Carmo da Silva, first for East Timor
Appointed bishop of Dili (East Timor) in 2016 and promoted to archbishop in 2019, Monsignor Virgilio do Carmo da Silva, at the age of 54, will become East Timor’s first Cardinal. Indonesia annexed this former Portuguese colony until 2002. The Church opposed this occupation.
William Goh Seng Chi, Face of the Young Singaporean Church
The second Singapore-born cleric to hold the position of Archbishop, Bishop Goh, aged 64, became the first Singaporean cardinal. Appointed in 2015 as a member of the Presidential Council for Minority Rights, he helped organize the bicentenary of the Catholic Church in Singapore last year.
← Analysis: Pope creates 21 new cardinals
Felipe Neri Antonio Sebastiao de Rosario Ferrão, Patriarch of the East Indies
Filipe Neri Antonio Sebastião do Rosario Ferrão, 69, has been Archbishop of Goa and Daman and Patriarch of the East Indies since 2003. The polyglot, in 2019, was elected president of the 31st Conference of Latin Bishops of India (CCBI) in the General Assembly.
Anthony Paula, Archbishop of Hyderabad
Bishop Anthony Paul was born in 1961 in Andhra Pradesh, and ordained a priest in 1992. At the age of 46, in 2008, he was appointed bishop of the city of Cornwall in the heart of the Indian continent. In November 2020, Pope Francis appointed him Archbishop of Hyderabad, in Telangana, an Indian region created in 2014.
Lazarus Yoo Hyung-sik, a peacemaker in Korea
By appointing him in June 2021 as head of the Congregation for the Clergy, Pope Francis has caused a surprise. Lazarus Yoo Hyung-sik, 70, from Daejeon, is particularly invested in inter-Korean reconciliation. He was elected in 2005 as the first president of the Religious Conference for Peace in Daejeon and Chungnam, and he met Pope Francis during his visit to Korea in August 2014. A field man, not an organ, he is the third Korean cardinal.
^ Three cardinals from South America
Paulo Cesar Costa, heavyweight for the Brazilian Episcopalian
This 54-year-old-born in the state of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), has already assumed a large number of ecclesiastical responsibilities, both within the important Archdiocese of Rio, as well as within the Archdiocese of Brasilia, of which he has been Archbishop since 2020. Same year, He became a member of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America.
Adalberto Martinez Flores, voice of Paraguay
Archbishop of Asuncion, his hometown, this 70-year-old Paraguayan was ordained a priest by Cardinal O’Malley, now Archbishop of Boston and a relative of the Pope. In 2021, he was elected to a second term as President of the Paraguayan Bishops’ Conference.
Leonardo Ulrich Steiner, a critic of Brazilian power
The 71-year-old Franciscan is part of the left wing of the powerful National Conference of Bishops of Brazil (CNBB), of which he was general secretary from 2011 to 2019. Manaus co-signed statements particularly critical of his handling of the pandemic.
► Two African Cardinals
Richard Bowber, “Taking Africa Seriously”
This Ghanaian was the first African to be elected in 2010 at the head of white fathers. “It’s time to take Africa seriously”, Then he said. Now Bishop of Wa (Ghana), this 62-year-old sees in a better understanding of the Bible the antidote against the cults that proliferate on the black continent.
Peter Okpalecki, Victim of African Tribalism
In 2018, Pope Francis reluctantly accepted the resignation of this Nigerian bishop, who was not accepted by believers and clergy in his diocese in Ahiyara for ethnic reasons. Five years after his appointment by Benedict XVI, Bishop Peter Okpalecki, of a neighboring district, relinquished his role as bishop. By preparing today to create this 59-year-old man a cardinal, the Pope is sending a powerful signal: Tribalism, this “community-feeding worm,” as he called it in 2015 in Nairobi, will not have the last word.
^ Cardinal North America
Robert McIlroy, a social voice in the United States
Bishop of San Diego (California), Robert Walter McIlroy, 68, passes by the Faithful of the Papal Line in the United States. He distanced himself from a document from his episcopal conference in 2015, arguing that it excludes “poverty and the environment” by focusing too much on abortion and euthanasia. He also considered the “ineffective and hideous” wall demanded by Donald Trump on the border with Mexico.
► Five Cardinals over 80
Of the 21 cardinals whose creation Pope Francis announced on Sunday, May 29, five will not be electors for the next pope because they are over the minimum age.
Arrigo Miglio, the personality of the social weeks in Italy
At the age of eighty, the former Archbishop of Cagliari, in southern Sardinia, was one of the organizers of the Pope’s visit to the region in 2013. President of the Scientific Council of Italian Social Weeks, he took a position several times in the social sphere, working especially on the topic of work and social relations.
Gianfranco Ghirlanda, jurist Francis
Father Gianfranco Ghirlanda, the famous ecclesiastical writer in Rome, aged 80, is the only one of 21 cardinals created by Francis who are neither bishops nor bishops. The Jesuit, rector of the Pontifical Gregorian University of Rome, from 2004 to 2010 – before giving way to Frenchman François-Xavier Dumortier – was the one who ensured much of the legal oversight of the new constitution of Korea. In particular, the Pope strongly appealed for the separation of episcopal ordination and the authority of government, paving the way for “every believer” to be now able to exercise government authority within the Roman Curia.
→ understand. Reforming the Roman Curia: Pope Francis’ Revolt
Fortunato Frezza, chaplain of AS Rome
Camerlengo of Saint Peter’s chapter in Rome since 2022, Archbishop Fortunato Frezza, 80, has spent most of his life working in the Vatican’s services. Appointed for the first time to the Secretariat, since 1983, he has been specially designated canon of St. Peter’s Basilica. But he is also the chaplain of FC Roma, one of the two football teams in Rome, which have just won the first edition of the European League Conference.
Jorge Enrique Jiménez Carvajal, Latin American Religion
Archbishop Emeritus of Cartagena, Colombia, this confessional religious, now 80, has had many continental responsibilities in Latin America. After studying in the capital, Bogota, and studying philosophy, he was noticeably superior to the Eudists in Colombia and secretary of the Latin American Confederation of Religions. General Secretary of the Episcopal Council of Latin America (SELAAM) between 1999 and 2003, and was Archbishop of Cartagena between 2005 and 2021.
Lucas van Loy, missionary who became a bishop
Bishop Lucas van Looy, 80, a longtime missionary was distinguished by his training and then mission to Korea, where he was sent by Salesian devotees. After being a teacher, student chaplain, in charge of youth service, he was appointed Bishop of Ghent (Belgium) in 2003. Posts he held until his retirement in 2019.