Seven decades of rule in seven maps and charts

Four days of festivities punctuated by military parades and concerts. It was necessary to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the reign of Elizabeth II, which is unprecedented in the history of the British royal family. During seven decades at the helm of the United Kingdom, the Queen visited more than a hundred countries, knew ten French presidents, witnessed the birth of almost 87% of the current population of her country and retained immense popularity despite the crises. On the occasion of the Platinum Jubilee of the British monarch, franceinfo summarizes for you in seven infographics a record in many respects.

His kingdom is bigger than Russia

If Elizabeth II is Queen of England and the United Kingdom, she also rules over fourteen other states in the Commonwealth. The king, then, is the head of the stateu canada, australia, new zealand, papua new guinea or even belize. The other countries it governs are islands or archipelagos located in the Caribbean or Pacific Ocean. Thus his kingdom extends over more than 18.5 million square kilometres, which is more than the area of ​​Russia.

However, when she ascended the throne in 1952, she ruled larger areas. Countries such as Malaysia, Nigeria, and Kenya gained their independence in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Other independent countries such as Pakistan or South Africa chose to become republics and thus no longer considered the Queen of England as their head of state. Barbados is the latest country to do so, at the end of November 2021.

She can defeat Louis XIV

Among the current heads of state, Queen Elizabeth II holds the record for longevity, ahead of other monarchs. With more than 70 years of rule, she is far ahead of the Sultan of Brunei, who has been in power for 55 years. Scandinavian kings Margaret II (Denmark) and Carl XVI Gustaf (Sweden), respectively 50 and 49 years of rule, complete this list of indestructible heads of state.

However, the absolute record of the longest reigning monarch does not belong to Elizabeth II. In Europe, Bernard VII ruled the Principality of Libby (German state) in the 15th century for 81 years and 7 months. A record she could beat if she was 107 years old. On the other hand, 72 years of Louis XIV’s reign in France seems to be easily accessible.

I watched the procession of ten French presidents

As a result of her longevity, Elizabeth II has seen many foreign heads of state succeed each other. When he took power in 1952, the United States was led by Harry Truman, the Soviet Union by Joseph Stalin and Spain by Francisco Franco. In France, the head of state was Vincent Auriol, the first president of the Fourth Republic.

Since then, ten presidents of the French Republic have succeeded each other. François Mitterrand and Jacques Chirac, the two people who have been in office for the longest, 14 and 12 years respectively, are also the only ones the Queen has received in the United Kingdom (1984 and 1996) and given such a welcome. On a state visit to France (1992 and 2004).

She has visited more than 100 countries

During the seven decades of her reign, Elizabeth II had the opportunity to meet manyForeign heads of state during his 89 official visits. to me More than 170 trips have been added by the Queen to countries in the Middle East UK Parliament. In total, the Queen visited more than 100 countries during her official trips.

The countries most visited by the Queen are members of the Commonwealth of which she is sovereign. Thus Canada is his favorite destination, with no less than 27 visits, followed by Australia (18 visits) and New Zealand (10 visits). Outside the Commonwealth, the countries that had the right to me The Queen’s most official tours are France and Germany, with five visits. Elizabeth II visited France in 1957, 1972, 1992, 2004 and 2014.

Only most Britons know it

Another consequence of his longevity, no Briton under the age of 70 has known another monarch on the throne. This represents nearly 87% of the UK population, according to 2018 Census figures.

Its popularity is at its peak

Her 70-year reign does not appear to have eroded the Queen’s popularity: according to a YouGov poll conducted in the first quarter of the year, 75% of Britons said they had a favorable opinion of Elizabeth II. Their popularity is as high as 91% among “baby boomers” (people born between their mid-40s and mid-60s), but two-thirds of “Millennials” (people born in the 80s and 90s) also have a good opinion of theirs.

The Queen remains the most popular member of the royal family, followed by her grandson Prince William (66% positive reviews) and Kate Middleton. Then come the Queen’s first two children: Princess Anne and Prince Charles. After being called to succeed his mother, the Prince of Wales receives only 50% of positive reviews. Among the less popular members of the royal family, Prince Harry and his wife Meghan Markle, who will step down from the royal family in 2020, have less than a third of positive reviews.

Prince Charles is waiting for his turn

Whoever says 70 years of Elizabeth II’s reign also says 70 years of waiting for Prince Charles, the Queen’s eldest son, born in 1948, four years before her coronation. Heir to the throne since his mother ascended the throne, the Prince of Wales has been in this longest-serving position since the birth of the United Kingdom in the early 18th century.

Prince Charles is ahead of Prince Albert Edward, son of Queen Victoria, who ruled the kingdom for 63 years in the 19th century. His three longest-standing predecessors (Princes Albert Edward, George and Edward) ended up becoming king. A role he’s been preparing for… for 70 years.

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